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Từ vựng và bài mẫu 8.5 chủ đề sức khoẻ

Rất có thể chủ đề Viết trong những tháng tới của năm 2017 là sức khoẻ, nên Hung Hanu organize giùm các bạn những từ vựng quan trọng liên quan đến chủ đề thường được ra này nhé !

A.Các Hoạt Động Nâng Cao Sức Khoẻ 

go cycling: đạp xe đạp

go to the gym: tập gym

do yoga / pilates / tai chi: tập yoga/pilates/ thái cực quyền

eat fresh fruit and vegetables: ăn rau quả tươi

eat nutritious foods: ăn thực phẩm dinh dưỡng

eat healthily: ăn uống một cách lành mạnh

drink a lot of water: uống nhiều nước

have a balanced diet: chế độ ăn kiêng cân bằng

Follow an healthy diet : Áp dụng chế độ ăn uống lành mạnh

Do a plenty of exercises: tập nhiều bài thể dục

The cessation of smoking: Việc chấm dứt hút thuốc lá

B. Các Hoạt Động Ảnh Hưởng Đến Sức Khoẻ

Watch an excessive amount of TV : Xem TV quá nhiều

Lead a sedentary lifestyle : Ít vận động

Eat too much fat/sugar/ salt: Ăn nhiều chất béo/đường/ muối

Overeat: Ăn quá nhiều

Spend excessive time sitting in front of monitor : Dành quá nhiều thời gian ngồi trước màn hành máy tính

To be heavily addicted to the Internet : Nghiện Internet

Drink wine and other acohols :  Uống rượu và những đồ uống có cồn

C. Các Loại Bệnh Phổ Biến Và Triệu Chứng Bệnh

Bronchitis: Bệnh viêm phế quản

Cancer: Bệnh ung thư

Flu: Bênh cảm cúm

Diabetes : Bệnh tiểu đường

Stomach ache: Bệnh dạ dày

Tuberculosis : Bệnh lao

Psychiatry: Bệnh tâm thần

Malaria: Bệnh sốt rét

Mild illness : Bệnh nhẹ

Serious illness : Bệnh nặng

Get a splitting headache : Đau đầu như búa bổ

Have a heavy cough : Ho nặng

Have a runny nose: Sổ mũi

Catch a cold : Cảm lạnh

Sneeze: Hắt hơi

Feel dizzy: Chóng mặt, hoa mắt

D.Các Danh Từ Chỉ Người Liên Quan Đến Chủ Đề Sức Khoẻ

Doctor: Bác sĩ

Practitioner: Thầy thuốc

Patient: Bệnh nhân

Dentist: Nha sĩ

Nurse: y tá

Vegetarian: Người ăn chay

Nutritionist: Chuyên gia dinh dưỡng

Clinician: Thầy thuốc lâm sàng

Gymnast: Người tập thể hình

Psychologist: Bác sỹ tâm lý

Pharmacist: Dược sĩ

E.Các Collocations Ghép Với Health

Damage/undermine your health: gây hại cho sức khỏe

Improve/ your health: cải thiện sức khỏe

Good/excellent health: khỏe lạnh

Poor/ill health: sức khỏe yếu/kém

To be in poor health: không khỏe mạnh

To be detrimental to your health: Có hại cho sức khoẻ

To be conducive to your health : Tốt cho sức khoẻ

Mental health/ Physical health: sức khỏe tinh thần/ sức khoẻ thể chất

Health care system : Hệ thống chăm sóc sức khoẻ

Health warnings: Những cảnh báo về sức khoẻ

G. Bài Mẫu 8.5 Của Giám Khảo Dominic Cole 

Recent research shows that the consumption of junk food is a major factor in poor diet and this is detrimental to health. Some people believe that better health education is the answer to this problem but others disagree. What is your opinion?

A serious concern nowadays is how our eating habits can affect our health. In particular, it has been demonstrated that eating too much junk food can lead to health issues later in life. One sensible suggestion for dealing with this is to improve the level of health education so that we eat better and live longer. My belief though is that this would not completely solve the problem.

One reason why focusing on health education is an appropriate measure is that it addresses one underlying cause of the problem. It is clear that there is a connection between what people know about nutrition and their eating habits. For example, children who have learned in school about the need to have a varied diet with plenty of vitamins tend to eat more healthily. In contrast, people who have not had this education still eat too much junk food and as a result suffer from diabetes and other diseases.

Better health education, however, is not a complete answer as it ignores the wider social factors that cause people to eat unhealthily. For instance, many people eat fast food because they have a lifestyle that means they do not have time to sit down to a proper meal. Again, other people might eat burgers and pizzas because they are seen to be cool and they want to impress their peers.

There would not appear to be any simple way to deal with these social factors.  A difficulty is that it is very hard for governments to make a difference to the individual choices people make. It might help, however, to ban advertisements for unhealthy foods on television and to require companies to provide proper meal facilities for their employees.

My conclusion is that the government certainly ought to introduce measures to improve the level of health education. However, this probably would not be a perfect solution as it would also be necessary to deal with the other social factors that cause unhealthy eating.

Hung Hanu

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